Small black green to grey pest that feeds on plant leaves/fruits resulting to black


Leaf Miners

Small caterpillars that feeds by drawing some line on the top of the leaves causing


Red Spider Mites

Causes whitening or yellowing of leaves, which then dry out and eventually fall off


Onion Thrips

Mature onion thrips are about 0.05 inch (1.3 mm) while western flower thrips are


Damping Off

A soil-borne fungal disease that affects seeds and new seedlings, rotting of stem and

Downy Mildew

Pale spots, Gray- purple fuzzy growth on leaf surface

White Tip

Yellowing of leaf tips with white areas in upper portions of the leaf blade, stunting

Purple Blotch

Small brown elliptical spots on leaves, similar to IYSV lesions, which enlarge over


Small white flakes on leaves and stems, Develop into circular or elongated orange

Neck Rot

where affected tissue softens, becomes water-soaked, and turns brown.

Powdery Mildew

White superficial powdery fungal growth on leaves, Yellow to brown discoloration of


Sow thistle

Tall, succulent plant with soft stems and spiked, waxy leaves that often release milk


Fast growing, prostrate annual weed with reddish stems and very succulent leaves

Thorn apple

Large, upright plant that grows over a meter tall and produces poisonous seeds in a

Pig weed

Highly aggressive, fast growing annual with a red upright stem and soft green

Star grass

Hard to control with Group A herbicides post emergence in cereals. C4 plant, normally

Mexican marigold

Small yellow flowers on a tall stem, and strong smell that can contaminate the grain


These are perennial plants that are commonly found in shallow water or moist soils